How to Build a GPU Mining Rig in 2022

Miners were using mining machines to earn some bitcoins as a reward in past but electricity consumption was the biggest issue there, GPU mining is a great idea that helps miners to save electricity and mine different coins on a single system, moreover, it is the best passive income idea while you are doing nothing, having no boss or sub-ordinates to accomplish your targets. Without further ado, let’s go through the necessary computer peripherals used for GPU Mining.

Make the Mining Rig Frame First

The first step is to make the mining rig frame properly, try to install all computer peripherals and hardware components with some extra care, remember one thing, any minor mistake can cause a huge problem, this way you can lose graphics cards or motherboard.
GPU Mining Rig
Mining Frame

Talking about the types of a Mining rig frame is not important, you can use any rig frame as per your budget, what is important is that you must be capable to make a rig and install your motherboard, Power supply, and Graphics Cards properly otherwise it is useless to think about the type or methods of mining, let’s go further and make a rig from scratch.

List of Items required to build a Mining Rig:

  • Mining Rig Frame
  • Motherboard
  • Processor & RAM
  • Graphics Cards
  • Power Supply
  • Risers
  • 16GB Flash/USB (Mining on Linux)
  • SSD Drive (Mining on Windows)

Mining Rig Frame

First of all, you need a frame, either it is an expensive Mining Rig Frame purchased by Amazon or a cheap one made of wood, it doesn’t matter what kind of Ming Rig Frame do you have, all you need is to just have a structured based Frame to place your graphics cards, motherboard and Supply properly.

Steel Open Air Miner Mining Frame
Bomeiqee Mining Frame

Bomeiqee Mining Frame

  • 8 GPU slots included
  • Stainless Steel is used
  • Enough Space
  • Superb weight
  • Perfect place for motherboard

If you don’t want to purchase the mining frame, I will highly recommend you to follow this video and make your own mining rig frame.

Motherboard

The motherboard is very important while making the GPU mining rig, there are different options you can choose a motherboard with 6 PCIe, 8 PCIe, 12PCIe, 13PCIe and 24 PCIe slots, but I will highly recommend you to choose only 6 GPU Mining motherboard due to many reasons.

  • 6 GPU mining motherboard is easy to use
  • There are no hardware issues
  • No GPU detection issues
  • No heat or overburden
ASUS Prime Z390-P LGA1151 motherboard
ASUS Prime Z390-P LGA1151 motherboard

ASUS Prime Z390-P LGA1151

  • Slots: 6 PCIe slots for Graphics Cards
  • RAM: DDR4 required
  • Memory Speed: 2400 MHz
  • CPU Socket: LGA 1151

If you don’t know how to install Graphics cards on the motherboard, you must know more and more about the motherboard because it is really technical job to do, some people hire the services of experts but I would recommend you to go through step by step process and never forget to read the user’s guide properly.

ASUS Prime Z390 P LGA1151 1
ASUS Prime Z390-P LGA1151
1. CPU socket2. RAM3. PCIex 1
4. PCIex 25. PCIex 36. PCIex 4
7. PCIex 58. PCIex 69. M.2 SSD
10. USB Gen1 header11. CPU power connector12. Fan headers
13. ATX power connector14. SATA ports15. Front panel header
16. USB Gen1 header17. USB 2. header18. COM/Serial header
19. analog audio front panel20. TPM header

Don’t worry about the USB and front panel ports, just focus upon the power connectors, CPU socket, RAM and PCIex1 to PCIe6 (Here you will attach your graphics cards)

You should check out this video first before going further.

How to install Motherboard never forget to watch this exclusive and detailed video

Note:
While choosing a motherboard, always try to purchase the RAM and processor associated to that motherboard only, CPU socket only allows particular processors suppose if we check the above example of ASUS Prime Z390-P LGA1151 we will come to know that this motherboard supports
– CPU Socket LGA 1151
– DDR4 RAM supported

Processor & RAM

Procesor that must be compatible with motherboard can help you to provide consistent performance, remember that it also depends upon the way of mining, if you are mining on linux server you don’t need too much RAM and expensive processor to run your system, in fact, you can use any processor of generation 3 plus with core i3 plus, here CPU socket is LGA 1151, let’s find out the best processor for this mining rig.

Intel-Core-i7-8700K-with-16GB-DDR4-RAM
Intel-Core-i7-8700K-with-16GB-DDR4-RAM

Intel Core i7-8700K with 16GB DDR4 RAM

  • Compatible with motherboard
  • 6 Cores up to 4.7GHz Turbo Unlocked
  • 6 Cores / 12 Threads
  • 16 GB DDR4 (2 RAMs each RAM 8GB)

In order to avoid any damage, you should buy a combo option with motherboard, Processor, RAM and cooling fan, you know it is quite hard to find a compatible cooling fan for the processor, don’t worry some motherboards come with RAM and processor along with fans, that can be expensive, it is better to purchase the processor, RAM and fans separately.

* Don’t try to waste too much money on RAM, 8 GB is more than enough for mining rig to make your processing over all smooth and efficient, otherwise you can also use 4GB for a mining rig because you are majorly concerned with graphics cards only for mining.

Graphics Cards

A graphics card is a piece of hardware found in most computers that provides graphical data of your computer. It may sound quite confusing, but we’ll try our best to simplify it.

Graphics cards provide the graphics processing units for your computer and its monitor. The graphics card receives information from the CPU and outputs it on a monitor. One way to look at the graphics card is as a translator, and all your physical interactions with your monitor or TV are translated into those cool visual effects that we love so much.

It must do this very quickly as well, as modern games require some serious number-crunching power to render those visuals before your eyes, and it’s up to the graphical processing unit on the graphics card to handle all those calculations.

MSI Gaming GeForce RTX 3060 12GB
MSI Gaming GeForce RTX 3060 12GB

MSI Gaming GeForce RTX 3060 12GB

  • Most trusted and affordable
  • 192 bits Memory bus width
  • 1807 MHz Memory Clock speed
  • 12 GB in size

There are so many options available right now when it comes to graphics cards, if you can afford the most expensive graphics cards you have better chances to get more Hashrate and mine more and more coins but for the beginners, it is recommended to choose the Most affordable MSI graphics cards and make a rig of that because it is said “Don’t put all eggs in one basket”, make a portfolio according to your financial strength.

Power Supply

Powersupply should be the most important thing when going to make a rig, you need the power supply that can bear the electricity requirements of the motherboard and graphics cards, suppose if you have a mining rig of six graphics cards (MSI Gaming GeForce RTX 3060 12GB) each card approximately consumes 250 watts so 250×6 = 1500 watts, overall, you need a power supply of 1800+ watts, the more powerful supply is the better you can run your mining rig without being heated.

AC110-220v ATX Pc 2000W
AC110-220v ATX Pc 2000W

AC110-220v ATX Pc 2000W

  • Output 1800 Watts
  • SATA connectors
  • ATX Form Factor
  • 1600 watts wattage

There are several other options you can use when it comes to power supply, most people use refurbished graphics cards along with used power supply but it is not the recommended way to start morning because a minor electricity fluctuation can damage your entire mining rig.

Risers

Quality is everything that’s why I recommend you to choose the perfect Riser for your mining rig, usually, a rig can drop the Hashrate of 2 on each graphics card, the poor quality can decrease the overall Hashrate of all graphics cards.

AC110-220v ATX Pc 2000W
AC110-220v ATX Pc 2000W

AC110-220v ATX Pc 2000W

  • Output 1800 Watts
  • SATA connectors
  • ATX Form Factor
  • 1600 watts wattage

There is a complete guide on the riser you can easily know what is a PCIe riser in detail, this information is really important to understand, you will understand what is Molex, slot, and SATA cable.

16GB Flash/USB

A required list of Mining Rig also includes a 16Gb flash drive you can use it when using Linux software for mining, check your desired USB or Flash drive.

SanDisk 16GB Cruzer USB 2.0
SanDisk 16GB Cruzer USB 2.0

SanDisk 16GB Cruzer USB 2.0

  • Size 16 Gb
  • SanDisk Brand
  • Hardware Interface USB 2.0

SSD Drive

SSD drive can be used for Windows-based mining but it is not recommended, several experts suggest Linux-based mining rather than windows-based because the same graphics card shows different hash rates on Linux and windows. You need to buy this SSD drive for mining.

WD_BLACK 250GB SN750 SE NVMe SSD
WD_BLACK 250GB SN750 SE NVMe SSD

WD_BLACK 250GB SN750 SE NVMe SSD

  • Write Speed 1000
  • Cache Size 250
  • Read Speed 3200 Megabytes/sec

After building a mining rig, you need to restart your rig multiple times, this technique will erase any bug or error, sometimes there are no graphics cards on HiveOS (For Linux based mining), you can use other software tools for mining, it depends upon the pool you are using. If you are interested to learn more, you must know about how does GPU mining rig work and it will add value to your knowledge.

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